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Health Models of Dahlgren and Whiteheads

University: Regent College London

  • Unit No: 9
  • Level: Undergraduate/College
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1000
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code:

    M/508/0494

  • Country: UK
  • Downloads: 1
Question :

This report states that you have to develop an analysis of the social-economic influence on health including the following factors

  • Describe the determinants of health model.
  • Identify different sources of the government report.
  • Describe Tudor Hart concept and barrier to access health care.
Answer :
Organization Selected : Dahlgren & Whiteheads

INTRODUCTION

The term health promotion is effective to control own health. It is useful to enhance the quality of life. It is helpful to focus on behaviour of individual as per the wide range of environment and social interventions. It is assistive to have reduction in the cost and this related to the individual, families, insurance companies and number of medical facilities (Cunningham and et.al., 2018).

The present report will cover the activities of Health Models of Dahlgren and Whiteheads 1992, and various government sources such as Inverse Care Law.

1. Determinants of health models

In this, Dahlgren and Whitehead need to made discussion over differed layers, this all has great impact on the health. Under this term, they have defined the theory of socio ecological in terms of health. The purpose behind this theory is to link the relationship between individual person, environment and disease. These are needed to be surrounded by various factors that have an impact on health. In addition to this, it is enclosed by various factors which can influence the health.

In the first layer model proposed by Dahlgren and Whitehead is relates to the personal behaviour and it will be inclusive of those methods which will be helpful in terms to promote one health (The Dahlgren-Whitehead rainbow. 2018).

The anther layer of this model defined as that is created by community in terms to provide help for mutual support to the members as per unfavourable conditions. In this third layer it will be inclusive of structural factors as are housing, working conditions etc.

The health care communication is term which can be defined as to deal with the connection between number of clients and members of teams as per the issues which are related to the health care. It can be seen that model of health care promotion defines the broad perception, and it will be inclusive of external factors which can affect the setting of healthcare. Under this can be said that the three major factor in relation to health care sector as are contexts, transaction and relationships.

Health care communication is considered as an essential term to provide support. Moreover, it can be true to an efficient and effective communication in health care setting and is related to both professional and personal health care. It will help to member of health care institution in terms to achieve the object of the enterprise (Stigsdotter and et.al., 2017). In this term it can be said that this all can be achieved with the help of establishing the methods as are efficient goal clarification, appropriate behaviours of the individuals. Thus, as per Watson nurse patient relationship is relationship of transpersonal human. In this, most of the health problems attributes to socio-economic situation of individuals (Lake and Rhynders, 2018).

It is proposed in terms to mitigate issues in relation to health inequalities in the society. It led to a growth and awareness in terms to define issues that can be determined by social factors.

In addition to this, it can be said that this kind of framework will be helpful in terms to explore relative influences over determinants as per the differed outcomes of the health.

2. Identification of sources of governmental reports

The three governmental reports are as follows-

a) Black Report (1980) - United Kingdom department of health and society has published the one report, which is related to the working group on inequalities in health called ad black report. This report highlighted that inequalities is not only related to failing in NHS, but it is also relates to things as are income, education, housing, employment and condition of works. Moreover, this report relates wide strategies of policies in terms to mitigate inequalities in health.

b) The Aicheson Report (1998) - It is related to the recommendation on the maternal and health of child. It adopts the socio-economic model of inequalities and health and it works as to trace the root of ill health by focussing over the components as are education, employment and health.

c) There are three crucial areas as are-

  • I This need to put their impact on health and it should be evaluated in terms to inequalities of health (Stigsdotter and et.al., 2017).
  • High importance is needed to the health of children and families.
  • In last steps there is need to take steps towards reduction in income inequalities so that there can be improvement in the living standards of poor households.

d) Marmot review (2010) - This report titles as fair society and health lives, this is one of the new method and it is very useful in terms to have reduction in the inequalities among the health.

3. Tudor-Hart’s concepts and possible barriers to access health care

The Inverse care law is states as availability of good medical trend's and works as to inverse as per the need for the population served. It operates in the completely manner where care of medical is largely exposed to the forces of market. This kind of concern arises from the deeper view about the distribution in terms to the health (Edelman, Mandle and Kudzma, 2017). Under this term it can be stated that variation in relation to actors outside the control of NHS and it is inclusive as are lifestyle, genetic and environmental consideration etc. In this Tudor hart did not take any step in relation to the evidence to support the hypothesis. There are number of proofs from the routine health service data. Under this term quality of treatment in the general practice of disease as are asthma is need to be show inadequate and unauthorised.

CONCLUSION

Based on the above report, it can be concluded that health promotions is the term which is useful in term to put control over heath of individual. The present report has covered various activities such as models of Dahlgren and Whiteheads 1992, various government sources and terms as inverse care law.

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