Save 50% on Assignment Crafted by Human Writers Get UPTO 50% OFF & Jingle All the Way with Our Christmas Offer. Coupon Code: NEWCUST25 Order Now

OFFER! Save 50% on Assignment Crafted by Human Writers


Differences and Similarities of Leaders and Managers - Marks & Spencer

University: UKBC College London

  • Unit No: 4
  • Level: Undergraduate/College
  • Pages: 4 / Words 961
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code: BMA701
  • Downloads: 969

Table of Content

  2. TASK 1
Question :

Research and academic is the skill that involves carrying out the activities and strategies which are necessary for learning. Personal development is an ongoing process. This project shall cover the following outcome.

  • Provide the reflection on learning, setting the target and how to monitor the progress.
  • How to carry out the academic research project.
  • Conducting the personal SWOT analysis in order to identify strength and weakness.
  • The development of SMART objectives and the personal development plan.
Answer :
Organization Selected : Marks & Spencer


Management and operations play an important role in every business. Operations and management help in planning, organizing and designing for higher profitability. Main aim of report is to understand the meaning of leadership as well as management. The report deals with operations management of Marks and Spencer. Company has a brand image in the UK that operates its retail stores worldwide and offers a variety of products as per customer’s needs or requirements. The present report explains about differences and similarities of leaders as well as managers. It also describes the functions of a manager in Marks & Spencer along with various theories of leadership such as situational, system and contingency. The report also explains different approaches of operations management and the role of store manager in IKEA. Further, it focuses on the importance of operations management in a company and assesses outside key factors that also affect the management system of operations.


a) Differences and similarities between leader and manager of Marks & Spencer

Difference between manager and leaders

  • Leaders always create vision while managers create a goal of a company. Managers of Marks & Spencer focus on setting, measuring and achieving goals.
  • Leaders are unique because they are self-aware and work actively for their brand while, managers are copy as they learn their work from upper authority and adopt leadership style (Difference between leaders and managers, 2018).
  • Leaders of a company want to try new things even if they fell while, managers do not take any type of risk for a firm.
  • Main aim of leaders is to motivate their team members while managers focus only to complete their work at any cost.
  • Leaders of a company always promote for changes while managers react on it.
  • Leaders focus on building long lasting relationship with their stakeholders, team members while managers focus on system and process as well as ensure members to attain desired goals and objectives (Kim and Cho, 2018).
  • Managers give direction to their staff while leaders motivate the team members.
  • Leaders help to define goals and objectives of a business while manager just help their employees by giving direction in order to attain that goals and aims.
  • Managers of Marks and Spencer create new ideas while leaders help them to implement those into a work area.
  • The biggest difference is that leaders always take responsibilities while managers take credit of their work.

Similarities between managers and leaders

  • Both managers and leaders work for the welfare of company and they both want to lead the firm and take it on the further level of success (Johnson, 2017).
  • Leaders and managers; both work and take decisions for the success of business and they give direction and guidance to employees to attain all defined goals and objectives of a company.
  • For the betterment of organization, it is necessary to have both leaders and manager. They both should work to lead a business and improve their employee’s performance in a company.
  • Both; leaders and manager work for the planning, organizing and directing of a company.

b) Functions of manager according to Fayol

According to Henri Fayol, there are five different functions which every manager must possess. These five functions mainly focus on the relationship between personnel and its management that help them to solve various types of problems in a creative manner. These functions are:

  • Planning
  • Organizing
  • Commanding
  • Coordinating
  • Controlling

These functions of Fayol help to increase the efficiency of managers as well as employees (Five functions of Fayol, 2018). These functions also show the relationship between all departments and provide the scenario to manage the work as well as help in decision making of managers. By using Fayol’s five functions, managers of Marks and Spencer try to achieve all targets. By using his first function i.e. planning, managers start focusing and preparing a course of action which help to increase their personnel’s skills. An important concern for the managers for planning is to take into account all organizational resources as well as human resource capability. Even managers can plan, implement and review regularly to see whether their plan is on progress or not. The next function is organizing. Managers take this function in order to develop an effective coordination between various levels of departments as company has different structures and sizes.

Also Check: Thesis Help

Third function is commanding which helps to give proper direction by the managers in order to produce desired output for a company. With proper communication, managers earn respect from their staff as well as the departments. Fourth function of Fayol is coordination which is the most important function that creates a direct impact on productivity of a company. By using this function, managers of a company establish effective communication skills in between different departments (Fairhurst and Connaughton, 2014).

Students also like to read: Importance of Planning and Management in Organisation

Download Full Sample
Often times, students feel unable to work on assignments and think, “Who will do my assignment?” By providing "Sample" on various subjects, we are trying to help them understand all the intricacies of writing. We have the most qualified and skilled assignment writers who can provide the best assignment writing services, essay writing services, dissertation writing services, and more at the most affordable rates. Place your order now for surprising discounts.
Boost Grades & Leave Stress

Share Your Requirements Now for Customized Solutions.

Lowest Price
USD 7.13

    Delivered on-time or your money back

    100+ Qualified Writers

    For Best Management Assignment Help

    • expert name
      1231 - Completed Orders
      Emma Radcliff View Profile Graduate in Textile Engineering Australia Hire Me
    • expert name
      2134 - Completed Orders
      Bill Anderson View Profile in Acoustical Engineering USA Hire Me
    • expert name
      1424 - Completed Orders
      Hilary Watson View Profile Graduate in Power Plant Australia Hire Me
    • expert name
      1087 - Completed Orders
      Daly Rose View Profile Master's in Business Administration New Zealand Hire Me
    View All Writers
    FREE Tools

    To Make Your Work Original

    • tools Paraphrasing Tool

      Easy to Use Paraphrasing Tool to Simplify Complex Academic Writing

      Check Paraphrasing
    • tools Plagiarism Checker

      Check your work against plagiarism & get a free Plagiarism report!

      Check Plagiarism
    • tools Reference Generator

      Get citations & references in your document in the desired style!

      Generate References
    • tools Grammar Checker Tool

      Make your content free of errors in just a few clicks for free!

      Grammar Checker
    • tools Essay Typer

      Generate plagiarism-free essays as per your topic's requirement!

      Essay Typer
    • Dissertation Outline Generator

      Get Structured Outline by Professionals for Your Dissertation

      Check Dissertation
    • Thesis Statement Generator

      Create the perfect thesis statement in just few minutes!

      Generate Thesis
    • AI Essay Writer

      Get a well-researched and quality essay effortlessly in a few seconds.

      AI Essay Writer
    GAH whatsapp

    Limited Time Offer

    Exclusive Library Membership + FREE Wallet Balance