Introduction to Tourist Destinations
Tourism is the most developing sector of UK which generate large amount of income in the country with generation of employment at rapid speed. This aspect of country facilitates to promote its culture and natural beauty across the world by increasing the number of visitors (Gautam, 2008). Present report is based on the tourist destination of Royal Borough of Greenwich and its comparison with Barcelona. Further report covers analysis of worlds leading destinations along with its comparison with Greenwich. Furthermore, cultural, social and physical features which appeal to tourists have been identified. In addition to this, Eco-tourism and Responsible tourism have been discussed to determine sustainable appeal of Greenwich to customers or visitors.
A) Analysis of visitor’s number and income generation
he city which has been selected as the world's leading destination is Barcelona. This city is the capital of Spain's Catalonia region which is defined by the art and architecture, vibrant street life and mouth watering food (Chi and Qu, 2008). It is the fourth European city with the most tourist arrival each year. In some studies, it has been analyzed that tourists in Barcelona grew by 7% in 2013 and it is hosting 7.44 million tourists in the hotel of this city. The reason behind world's leading tourist destination is that the city consists of rich cultural heritage and house a great number of museum, art and architecture, works of Antoni Gaudi, etc.
On the other hand, Greenwich is one among the four World's Heritage Sites. After becoming the Royal Borough of Greenwich in 2012, the tourist numbers got increase eventually. The Maritime Greenwich represents Great Britain's maritime history along with architectural excellence. This attracts a diverse range of tourists. As per the studies conducted, in 2007, number of international tourist in 2007 was 15.33 million and visitors did the expenditure of 8.2 billion. In 2009, the number of visitors rose by 2.3 billion.
B) Present and future destination trends in visitor’s number and profile
The comparison has been made on Barcelona and Royal Borough of Greenwich in the previous question. Thus, present assessment of the destination trends has been done and it is found that over the last few years, Barcelona has reached to the top of international destination. In 2012, Barcelona hosted 27 million tourists in its hotels and then in 2013, the numbers rose to more than 16 million overnight stays.
Study concluded that there is a growth in overnight visitor’s number but decrease in day visitor’s number and their expenditure grew from 2012. There were 17.22 million visitors in 2013 and total expenditure done by them is £64 million.
After going through the present data of Barcelona and Royal Borough of Greenwich, the future trends of these cities can be assessed. In Barcelona, it is expected that in future, 7.6 million visitors are estimated and significant growth will be there in the income generation by these visitors. In Royal Borough of Greenwich, revenue of the city will get increased up to £309.9 million.
However, there are some factor that affect the tourism in the selected destination. For example there was a suicide bomb attacks in central London in the year 2005 that has significant affects the number of tourist in that destination. Furthermore, it has targeted civilians using the public transport system during the morning rush hour (2005: Bomb attacks on London, 2015). In a similar series, in 2004 Madrid train bombings, also known as Spain Bomb attack has affected transportation system. This has affected the number of tourist in the country. For a recent example, there was a serious bomb attract in France on 13-14 November 2015 in which the music venue, sports stadium and several bar and restaurant terraces wee targeted. In addition to that climatic conditions of the county is affected which is going to take a long time to recover. It can be seen that mostly the tourist areas were targeted that has created a terror among tourists for visiting tourist destination. The tourism industry of France is going to be affected by this activity in future.
A) Identification of cultural, social and physical features of Royal Borough of Greenwich
The cultural, social and physical features of Royal Borough of Greenwich are as follows:
Cultural Features: It is recognized as a place that is rich in culture, arts and entertainment. Various events are organized here which attract a large pool of visitors. Some of the events are Greenwich Music Festival, Royal Greenwich Tall Ships Festivals, Parkfest and Greenwich World Cultural Festival. Also, Royal Borough of Greenwich offers a mix cultural, entertainment and arts events. Greenwich is a house of heritage culture as it is one of the four leading World Heritage Sites (Connell and Page, 2006). The city is a home of royalty as it was in the hands of Danes and also other royal people. It consists of naval history of Tudor palace, Royal Naval Hospital, Royal Courts, Queen's house, etc.
Social Features: The society of Greenwich is welcomes the tourist and gives a voice who cares about past, present and future. Social relationship among people are very strong. It was also assessed that in 21st century inequality in the society of Greenwich have aroused which had led to the controversial issues in contemporary societies. This can become the factor for decrease in visitors due to discriminatory society.
Physical Features: Greenwich is located at the place where hemispheres meets (Pegas and Castley, 2014). It also has various locations and physical attributes which attract the tourist destination such as glaciers, Archur Peninsula, Guesalaga Peninsula, Parvomay Neck, range of Islands, etc. These destinations are natures beauty which help in attracting the pool of tourists. Also some historical monuments such as Anglo-Saxon barrow cemetery, Conduit or Standard House, etc. which are built of rich architectural designs and it depicts the culture of Ancient times. There are also some of the museums which contains huge history and details about contemporary cultural heritage.
B) Comparing the cultural, social and physical features with Barcelona
For comparing the features of Barcelona with Greenwich, it is necessary to identify the cultural, social and physical features of Barcelona. The features are discussed a