The objective of this report is to enhance understanding of learner’s child and young person development. In this regard, it is required to pay maximum attention towards some crucial areas as:
- Evaluate expected pattern of children and young people development from birth -19 years.
- Identify the influence of different factors over children and young people’s development and practices.
- Evaluate expected patters that requires to take place while the pattern of children and young people’s development is not following.
- Determine the requirement of early intervention that ca support communication need and speech language of children and young people.
- Discuss the potential impact of transition over children and young people’s development.
Child development is considered as one of the effective phases of life in which all the essential factors, processes, whether they are associated physically, emotionally or mentally are being taught and implemented in the life of the child (Owens Jr, 2015). Also, after a few times, it gets into the development of young person. At this stage also, there are various factors that are needed to be ensured for better development. The report is about different aspects of the development of an individual from birth to the younger stages. The factors throwing an influence on the rate of development have also been included in the report.
1.1 Sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth till 19 years
The sequence along with the rate of aspects have been discussed as below:
This is the starting of the journey of a child. In this, the child learns to crawl, being playful, etc. Playing with things comes in this stage (Bornstein and Bradley, 2014). Then, in the second year, they play with toys. Also, in this phase, they enjoy spoon-feeding by mothers and others. Taking care properly is very important, especially extra care is being provided by mothers. Also, it involves breastfeeding for better development. In this stage children start observing and reacting to things and situations.
3 - 5 years
In this phase, mobility tends to get increased. Activities like playing with more helpful toys becomes a part such as puzzles etc. Climbing up the stairs also become a habit of them. In this phase, parents and family members tend to take care of the children so that while climbing, the child may not have to face any complexity or trouble. At this stage children start learning about basic things such as colours, objects, words etc.
6 - 8 years
At this age, the children tend to make use of pencils to draw by copying different things and also, by their own. Writing of a child also gets better if it is being given with proper attention. Their confidence for climbing and playing games outdoor also increases to a high extent. At this stage a child develops feelings and emotions such as jealousy, anger, passion etc.
9 - 12 years
This is the age when children think that they are mature enough and sometimes, overconfidence in terms of playing get worsened enough as it results in hurting themselves. So, a proper care and support by parents is required in this phase.
12 - 19 years
This is the age when the child starts becoming adults. Children development takes place in this phase. Also, the rate of development differs in every single child. Males and females also reach to the stage of puberty at this phase and various changes are visible in their physical development. Role of family also takes place in this stage because making them understand about the changes that will happen with their body is important. At this stage a child comes to maturity and phases major changes physically and mentally.
1.2 Difference between sequence of development and rate of development
Sequence of Development
Rate of Development
The difference is important because the sequence means that on the basis of the requirement of the age, which means that on the behalf of the accurate time, some factors are being taught to the child whereas the rate means the overall speed at which the child is learning and implementing the changes. Therefore, this can be considered as the change between the two.
2.1 Influence on personal factors on children and young people's development
There are various personal factors that throws some impact on the development process of the child as well as young people. All these factors are discussed as below:
Health plays a major role in throwing an impact on the health and development of a person. It is obvious that if the health of a child is not good, it will surely throw an impact on the development of the child. A well-known example of this can be considered as the fact that if a child has some respiratory diseases, then the child must not be able to run etc., Therefore, it can throw a negative impact on the same because after eating etc., the child cannot be able to participate in any activity because of the respiratory issue, then it might impact the body weight of the child, thus causing further complications as well.