Work, Health and Safety of the worker is the paramount objective of every organisation. It is a key element considered by all the industries to ensure the wellness and safety of both employees and employers. Human resource is the most important asset of an organisation that contributes in success of an organisation. Work, health and safety policies aims to reduce the risk of hazardous activities at workplace. They are also reviewed the risk evolved in any hazardous activities so that medical assistance can be easily assured to them. In Australia, Work, Health and Safety policies introduced in the year 2011 to ensure safety precaution to the workers while they are performing their duties and responsibilities at workplace. Workers includes employee’s contractors, sub-contractors, apprentice, volunteers etc. The WHS policies and procedure outlines the objective and guidelines to instruct the employees about the working conditions. It promotes the employees' psychological behaviour at workplace and motivates them towards the organisational goal.
Major reforms of Work and Safety law
The development of health and safety regulation examined since nineteenth century. The specific legislation was made to develop interest of labours in a factory and provide them suitable working condition where they can work freely without any fear and threat of work. The factory Act of 1802, The employer's liability Act 1880, Health and Safety at work, 1974 are some of the remarkable development take place in the history of Australia. However, all the standards and code of conduct is consolidated in a single statute, known as Work, Health and Safety Act of 2011. It ensures wide range of protection to all the members of the industry and supervise all the activities of the staff members to remove the associated risk.
Objectives of WHS policies and procedures
The health and management system facilitate the detailed policies and standards that is effective for maintaining the safety measures at workplace. The Australian law provides comprehensive framework to monitor and regulate the internal activities take place in an organisation. It includes effective safety plans, reporting and supervision of activities in order to
to comply the organisation with WHS laws.
These standards include:
- Effective safety measures
- Trained the employees
- Supervise and monitor the hazardous activities
International Standards and Framework
The set of standards and regulation has been introduced to protect the safety, security and health of workers. A WHS policy is written document that defines the roles of authorities that are responsible for reviewing and assessing the risk that may affect the liberty and dignity of an individual. The International Labour Standards on Occupational Safety and Heath, 1981 recognise the certain principles which are important for workers to save them from sickness, disease and various kinds of injury that are caused at workplace. It is the paramount objective of every organisation to maintain the harmony and peace in the society and offer the workers safe environment where they can maximum profit. This safety legislation will help the employees and employers to prevent and control occupational exposures that may endanger the life of workers. It promotes active participation of employees by engaging them into various training programmes in order to boost the morale of employees. The Universal Declaration of Human Right also safeguards the dignity and integrity of an individual by ensuring the safety standards and medical aid at workplace.
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Consequences of noncompliance of policies and standards
The impact of noncompliance of Work Health and Safety Act may have negative impact on the industry. If any employer fails to legally comply with the safety guidelines, standards and code of conduct, and serious injury caused to any worker, will impose strict penalty for infringement of statutory obligation. Any organisation fails to comply with the policies and standards provisions of WHS will leads to:
- caused any injury or death
- Fines and compensation can be claimed
- prosecution and imprisonment of authorities.
- Ruin company's reputation.
Review of Work, Health and Safety Policies
According to section 276B of the WHS Act , requires the Minister to review the policies an standards whether it is uniformly followed in an organisation. It is done with the help of NSW specific legislation and made necessary changes in the provision to enhance its scope. The WHS model was reviewed the progress and risk evolved in any industrial activities and laid down the code of guidance to adhere them with the regulatory framework. The Australian Council of Trade Unions imposes compulsory obligation on the duty holders to practice all the safety measures for carrying out hazardous activities that may cause serious threat and injury to the life of the workers. The review procedure is quite complicated and involves complexity in connection with WHS regulations and codes. The WHS regulations and model codes are reviewed to raise awareness in relation to psychological health, psychosocial risk to impart knowledge to the workers.
The WHS policy and procedures is an important statutory requirement that have positive impact on the organisation and helps to influence the behaviour of an employee. It is a common policy that are binding and applicable uniformly on all the employees. The WHS policy and procedures example includes:
- Providing clean and safe environment
- Facilitating adequate sanitizing facilities
- Indulging them into effective decision making
- ensuring the safety equipment’s
- medical assistance
Most Asked FAQ's by the students
What are the objectives of WHS policy and procedures?
The main objective WHS policies and procedures are:
- Promote safety and maintenance of work environment.
- Effective use of resources and equipment’s.
- Adequate medical assistance
- Code of conduct to regulate the activities
Why safety and security of workers are important?
The safety and security of workers are important for boost their morale and confidence at workplace. It enhances the productivity and assist them towards the effective performance of industrial activities. The safety standards and code of conduct helps the employees and employers to reduce the potential risk that may threat their life and dignity.
How WHS policies can be reviewed?
WHS policies are annually reviewed by the authority with the help of actions plan. The inspection and investigation has been conducted at workplace to monitor the regular activities and assess the risk that may endanger the security of the workers. This review procedure are important for conducting legal and safety audit in which officers tries to make continues improvement in WHS management system. The main reason for conducting review procedures is to identify the severity of risk that may involve while performing any industrial activities. The authorities provide the preventive measure and medical assistance to the workers to avoid injury and harm.