An Insight into Discroll’s Model of Reflection [+ Stages]
Table Of Contents
Perfection can’t be claimed, and there is no standard way to define a theoretical model. As someone said, ‘When you reflect on your thoughts and actions, you gradually grow as a person.’ However, that is what this blog is about; not being perfect yet the most reliable, Driscoll’sReflective Model.
Come, let’s dig in more.
What Is the Model of Reflection [Intro + Types]
Reflection, in general, is the self-interpretation of your actions and doings. It is the concept of emphasising one's knowledge and beliefs. It is the analysis of a situation as to what went wrong and what could be done to fix or prevent it in the future.
On the other hand, the framework of reflection and reflective practices is the Model of Reflection. It analyses the scenarios of what is being done. Many models could be used to set a path of reflection. A brief outline of the popular ones is given below, as each model takes a slightly different approach to covering similar stages.
- The ERA Cycle
It is one of the simplest reflective models given by Jasper in 2013. There are three stages: experience, reflection, and action. The cycle's narrative opens with experiences from the past or present that had a favourable or negative impact. After the experience, reflect on what has happened. It would help to examine the whole scenario and decide on the relevant action to be taken. The final step will result in yet another experience, and the cycle will continue.
- Driscoll’s Cycle
The Driscoll’s model of reflection 2007 model teaches us to learn from our own experiences and was developed by John Driscoll in the mid-1990s. He based his driscoll reflective cycle on the questions asked by Terry Borton: What? So what? And now what? To get a clear idea, describe the situation or experience, then reflect on it by asking, "What did you learn from the experience? And last, it talks about the action that needs to be taken as a result of the situation.
- Kolb’s Cycle
The model was developed in 1984 and is based on learning via actual experiences. It has four main stages: concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualisation, and active experimentation. The model starts with a past or present experience and then has to analyze, observe, and make a note of anything new you might see. The following step is to begin developing new concepts based on the experience. And then lastly, applying the ideas attained to different situations.
- Gibbs’ Cycle
It is the most complex model of the reflective cycle and is comprised of multiple stages. The six stages of Gibb’s cycle are description, feelings, evaluation, analysis, conclusion, and action plan. In this, Gibb initiates reflection on framing the experience, then asks to focus on the feelings experienced either before or after. Then the incident is evaluated based on what is good or bad and then analysed. It would result in a conclusion and decision on a course of action.
The model is an effective guide, but the reflection is everyone’s personal choice and that is why you need to try your hand at the different methods before you make a stop at one. An understanding of every model will help you make a better decision and take up a model as per your taste and requirements.
Know the 3 Stages of the Driscoll Reflective Model
As you now know, what exactly is Driscoll's model of reflection, you must now read about the three stem questions that the model is based on, developed by Terry Borton in 1970. To complete the first step of the structured reflection, the following questions must be answered:
Stem 1: What?
The first stage briefly describes the experience/situation/incident that needs to be reflected upon. It covers the following points :
- What has happened?
- What did you do?
- Was anyone else involved?
- What did the other person do?
- How was the experience? Positive or Negative? Or both? And why?
Stem 2: So What?
The second step of structured reflection is the analysis of the experience, situation, or incident. The below questions are covered and answered :
- How did you feel at the time of the situation?
- What was your reaction to it?
- Any specific reason for that kind of reaction?
- What was the impact of what you did or did not do?
- Were you experiencing a conflict with your values?
- Was there anyone else involved? And how did they react?
Stem 3: What Now?
The third step is where the actions are proposed for the occurrence of that particular experience, situation, or incident. It sums up the following questions that must be answered :
- What did you learn from that experience?
- How could you have prevented negative outcomes?
- What caused that particular incident?
- How would you tackle a similar situation in the future?
- What went wrong and what will you focus on now?
These are the questions that you must consider when you begin to analyse your experiences. The initial stage is basic yet very crucial. It gives you a reality check on what you are about to deal with. Moving ahead, you would need to analyse the situation or incident in the second stage. And to sum up the last stage, you need to think about the actions or whether you will need to implement any changes in the future. The questions give an overview of the whole concept and make the Driscoll model of reflection one of the simplest models.
You may also like to read about - Top Six Universities for Nursing in the UK
How Should the Driscoll Model of Reflection Be Used?
As long as you understand the fundamentals, don’t you ever think about why use driscoll’s model of reflection? It is because this is the simplest to use and promotes reflective learning. Recall the three stages that narrate the straightforward nature of the model. All stages follow logical and factual steps of progression. The model emphasises self-reflection more than an individual experience.To understand the actual effectiveness, scroll down to the advantages and disadvantages of the Driscoll reflection model.
The Bottom Line of the Model [Pros and Cons]
Nothing comes in accurate form; everything has its pros and cons to define the concept. Then how do you expect John’s Driscoll model of reflection to stay behind in the line? The model has its positives and negatives, narrated below for your understanding.
Advantages of Positivism - Why is Driscoll's Model of Reflection Good?
- The model is apt to generate quick results with an easy questionnaire.
- It is a very simple process to understand and use.
- The simplicity makes it easier to remember and follow.
- It is the best approach for a freshman, to begin with.
The Cons of Negativism - Why is Driscoll's Model of Reflection Bad?
- It is a bit time-consuming task with such a questionnaire.
- It could create confusion of thoughts as to which situation to reflect upon.
- The model may not be appropriate for all types of experiences or incidents.
- It is not a suitable approach for extensive reflection.
Are you are well aware of the pros and cons of driscoll's model of reflection now, let’s proceed to know further.
Driscoll Model in the Nursing Sector
After understanding how this model of reflection is beneficial or not, you must know the best sector to use this model in and know its effectiveness. The Driscoll Model is one of the best suited in the nursing sector to enhance performance.
John Driscoll created the model while keeping clinical practice situations in mind. Hence, it is usually found in all the medical sectors, including nursing. During the initial phase, a nurse is clueless about the world she will experience. As time goes by, they develop the skills and knowledge required to honour the role. That is when the reflective model plays its part in medical field. It helps to set and develop the skills and knowledge to maintain throughout the nursing career.
The sector is a tough one to crack and the process of evaluation is based on different kinds of assignments that require to achieve top grades. So, to omit the stress of it, you can avail the most reliable and authentic help from our team of skilled professionals. They also make sure to keep complete transparency by providing a free plagiarism checker along with the document. So, when you are loaded with numerous tasks, don’t shy away from taking the help.
How Experts Help in Understanding the Driscoll Model?
John Driscoll's model is intended to enhance the skills of reflective learning. The above blog narrates the basic understanding of the model. If you still feel stuck and worried about the technical aspect and analogy, we at Global Assignment Help have a profound team of professionals for assignment help and to clear up the concept and aid you get well-equipped with the Driscoll Reflective Model. The experts are known for their quality and for adhering to the guidelines and requirements of the tasks given. So, if nursing or medical is your career dream, then do not shy away from taking help from us. We aim to provide the premium nursing assignment help and we do not believe to compromise on any aspect.
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