Harvard Referencing Overview

The Harvard system is also referred to as the Author-Date style of referencing and citation. It is followed in publications related to the physical sciences, social sciences, humanities, natural sciences, etc.

Key things to remember

Two types of citations are included in this referencing style. They are:

In-text Citations: These are used when a student is directly quoting a source. They are located in the body of the text and contain a part of the full citation.

Reference Lists: They are located at the end of the document and display full citations for sources used in the paper.

For example:

In-text: "After that I lived like a young rajah in all the capitals of Europe…" (Fitzgerald, 2004).

Reference List: Fitzgerald, F. (2004). The great Gatsby. New York

1. Books

Citations for books with one author:

Follow the following format while citing a book having a single author:

Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. Edition (if not the first edition of the book). City of publication: Publisher.

For example:

Dahl, R. (2004). Charlie and the chocolate factory. 6th ed. New York: Knopf.

Dahl, R. (2004). Charlie and the chocolate factory. New York: Knopf.

Citations for books with two or three authors:

If you are citing a book having two or more authors, then for an in-text reference mention only the first author's name followed by 'et al.' However, for a reference list, all authors should be listed in the order in which they are credited in the original work.

Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., and Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. City of publication: Publisher.

For example:

Vermaat, M., Sebok, S., Freund, S., Campbell, J. and Frydenberg, M. (2014). Discovering computers. Boston: Cengage Learning.

(5)Desikan, S. and Ramesh, G. (2006). Software testing. Bangalore, India: Dorling Kindersley.

Citations for a chapter in an edited book

When citing a single chapter in a book, it is important to ensure that you add the page range (pp.) spanned by the chapter.When citing an individual chapter, you should also always include the edition of the book in the citation.

Last name, first initial. (Year). Chapter title. In: Editor's name/s (ed/s) Book Title. Edition. City of publication: Publisher. Page/s

For example:

(5) Bressler, L. (2010). My girl, Kylie. In: L. Matheson, ed., The Dogs That We Love, 1st ed. Boston: Jacobson Ltd., pp. 78-92.

Tools for creating Harvard Book references:

2. Articles

Citations for Print Journals:

Do include the volume number and the page number while citing an article from a print journal.

Last name, First initial. (Year). Article Title. Journal name, Volume (Issue), Page/s.

For example:

Ross, N. (2015). On Truth Content and False Consciousness in Adorno’s Aesthetic Theory. Philosophy Today, 59(2), pp. 269-290.

Citations for Newspaper Articles – Print or Online:

Newspaper citations are done similar to journal articles. Some differences in formatting occur when the articles are found online. Read the below given examples:

Print: Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Newspaper, Page(s).

Online: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article Title. Newspaper name, Page/s. Retrieved from: Journal name/ URL if freely available.

For example:

Weisman, J. (2015). Deal Reached on Fast-Track Authority for Obama on Trade Accord. The New York Times, p.A1.

Lees, P. (2015). Freaky eaters. The Weekly Herald, p.21. Available at: www.theweeklyheraldonline.com/freakyeaters2015 [Accessed 21 June 2016].

Citations for Magazine Articles – Print or Online:

You should always cite the volume number of the magazine in Harvard referencing.

Print: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article title. Magazine name, volume number, Page/s.

Online: Last name, First initial. (Year, Month Day). Article Title. Magazine name, [online] Page/s. Retrieved from: URL

For example:

Davidson, J. (2008). Speak her language. Men’s Health, (23), pp.104-106.

Ilkes, J. (2009, September 20). Why Dried Fruit is a Diet Staple. Healthy Lifestyles. Retrieved from: www.healthylifestylesmag.com/driedfruitilkes2009

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