The Harvard system is also referred to as the Author-Date style of referencing and citation. It is followed in publications related to the physical sciences, social sciences, humanities, natural sciences, etc.
Key things to remember
Two types of citations are included in this referencing style. They are:
In-text Citations: These are used when a student is directly quoting a source. They are located in the body of the text and contain a part of the full citation.
Reference Lists: They are located at the end of the document and display full citations for sources used in the paper.
In-text: "After that I lived like a young rajah in all the capitals of Europe"¦" (Fitzgerald, 2004).
Reference List: Fitzgerald, F. (2004). The great Gatsby. New York
Citations for books with one author:
Follow the following format while citing a book having a single author:
Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. Edition (if not the first edition of the book). City of publication: Publisher.
Dahl, R. (2004). Charlie and the chocolate factory. 6th ed. New York: Knopf.
Dahl, R. (2004). Charlie and the chocolate factory. New York: Knopf.
Citations for books with two or three authors:
If you are citing a book having two or more authors, then for an in-text reference mention only the first author's name followed by 'et al.' However, for a reference list, all authors should be listed in the order in which they are credited in the original work.
Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., and Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. City of publication: Publisher.
Vermaat, M., Sebok, S., Freund, S., Campbell, J. and Frydenberg, M. (2014). Discovering computers. Boston: Cengage Learning.
(5)Desikan, S. and Ramesh, G. (2006). Software testing. Bangalore, India: Dorling Kindersley.
Citations for a chapter in an edited book
When citing a single chapter in a book, it is important to ensure that you add the page range (pp.) spanned by the chapter.When citing an individual chapter, you should also always include the edition of the book in the citation.
Last name, first initial. (Year). Chapter title. In: Editor's name/s (ed/s) Book Title. Edition. City of publication: Publisher. Page/s
(5) Bressler, L. (2010). My girl, Kylie. In: L. Matheson, ed., The Dogs That We Love, 1st ed. Boston: Jacobson Ltd., pp. 78-92.
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