Get Your Assignment Done at the Most Affordable Prices
Get Your Assignment Done at the Most Affordable Prices
6 Pages 1432 Words 7283 Downloads
Infection control is related to the policies and procedures that are used by the health care centre in order to minimize the risk of spreading diseases. These infections are generated due to bacteria and viruses. Some, diseases are also spread from human to human, human to animal and animal to animal (Khan, Ahmad and Mehboob, 2015). The present report is based on the infectious diseases that how it can be controlled and prevented. Further, it also explain the signs and symptoms of these spreading infections.
Infectious diseases are disorders such as anxiety, depression and eating disorders that are caused by microorganisms (Tängdén and Giske, 2015). These organisms are bacteria, viral and fungal. These are present in a human body as they are harmless but in certain conditions they get infected and cause a disease. Some infections are also get transferred from one person to another. Sometimes, these can can cause a life threatening diseases. Many infectious disease are like chicken pox that can be reduced by the vaccines.
Viral infection is caused by the virus that is living inside the body of human and animal. These viruses are smallest in size and their shape is round. They never replicate outside the host cell and can infect any kind of organism. These can be stopped by giving the vaccines to the infected people.
Bacteria are comparatively larger in size than virus. These can cause many different types of diseases like mild skin and so on (McNab and et.al., 2015). These are living inside the body but do not provide any harm to them. Diseases can be occurred due to transmission from one person to another. Infected bacteria grow and spread into the body. This can be occurred due to the contact with a infected person. Antibiotic are given to the people who are suffering from any disease.
Fungi have different size and shapes. These can also cause disease to the human body in the form of yeasts. They can also provide skin related infections and these can be caused by the air and contact with the human body (Chandler, Liu and Bennett, 2015). Size of fungi is larger than viral and bacteria. Fungi can infect a person and that can lead towards the life threatening disease.
Prevention and control of infection is necessary in order to improve the health of the people (Duque and Descoteaux, 2015). Infection can be spread to the children and young people when they are ill so the health care centre should use some method to control and prevent the diseases. These methods are:
Drugs and immunisation: Immunization can reduce the chances of getting infected from such diseases. So, vaccination should be given in order to reduce the infection among all the people. It can be evaluated that the effectiveness of drugs is important in order to improve the health status of population in the country. For this, health care centres should use the latest innovative techniques that can remove the chances of any transmitting disease. Physicians can use the STEPS model in order to improve the decisions regarding to the immunisation. STEPS is stands for safety, tolerability, effectiveness, price and simplicity.
Hygiene practices: In order to remove the chances of getting inflected from the disease the people should start following some of the hygiene practices and these are important for both patients and doctors (Authority, 2015). Some practices are like wash hands before eating the food and contact with the patients. The health care centre should follow the clean in and clean out approach that explains that all the equipments should be cleaned. Along with this, they should also follow the environment hygiene approach because inflection can be spread from the environmental surface. It is essential to make the environment clean and disinfected so that chances of infection can be reduced.
Isolation: The isolation method is used by the medical centre in order to reduce the chances of transmitting disease and can prevent patients from infected microorganism. For this kind of method it is necessary to kept the patients in a same room who are suffering from same disease (Rasala and Mayfield, 2015). It can be evaluated that the effectiveness of isolation can be improved when cross inflection will not take place.
Signs and symptoms are vary from one disease to another. It depends upon the microorganism that cause the inflection. Here, three infectious diseases are Tuberculosis, rabies and hepatitis B (Iwasaki and Medzhitov, 2015). All these infected diseases are caused by the virus, bacteria and fungi. Signs and symptoms of all these are different and these are depend upon the microorganisms. The signs and symptoms of these diseases are:
Tuberculosis: This is a disease that can affect any part of the body but mainly this affect the lungs of a person. This infectious disease is caused due to the bacterial microorganism and it can be spread from person to person through the air. Its symptoms are:
Rabies: This can be caused after the bite of a rabid animal and it influenced whole body of the person (Brook and Dobson, 2015). It affect the nervous system of the human body and it mainly affect the neurons on some specific areas. Its symptoms are:
Hepatitis B: This disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus that affect liver of the person. It is the most common chronic infectious disease (Prussin, Garcia and Marr, 2015). These virus generally affect the young people. When a person get in contact with the blood and body fluid of infected person that it spread. Some symptoms are:
From the above carried out analysis it has been observed that infectious diseases are get spread in the air and these are caused by the microorganisms. Signs and symptoms of diseases are different that are depend upon the disease. Health care centre can control and prevent these infectious diseases by using some methods such as immunization, hygiene practices and the use of isolation.
Title "To achieve practice development through implementation of Discharge checklist and patient information about care of vacuum assisted dressing”. Objectives: To understand the use of vacuum assisted dressing To identify the issues and challenges in practice concerning vacuum...ReadMore35 Pages 8719 Words 9214 Downloads
Introduction The Medical Imaging Department combines technologically advanced imaging services with delivery of high quality patient care in a professional environment. The department aims to provide patients best services as per their requirements. According to generalised view, the Medical...ReadMore13 Pages 3219 Words 7497 Downloads
Intoduction to Pressure ulcers Pressure ulcers also named as decubitus ulcers or bedsores are basically regarded as localized injuries that affect the skin and underlying tissue over a bony prominence due to pressure with a combination of shear and friction. They are mostly found in sacrum, heel,...ReadMore13 Pages 3258 Words 10982 Downloads
INTRODUCTION TO INFECTION CONTROL Considering disposal of sharps, it is a good practice that sharps should be disposed off as a single unit. In case if it becomes necessary to remove the needle or blade, it should be done with a safety device (Sharps Policy: Safe Handling and Disposal of Sharps,...ReadMore15 Pages 3792 Words 18649 Downloads
Introduction to CT Scanning This business case focuses on computed tomography on a hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Computed tomography or CT scanning is an X-ray system with the help of detailed cross sectional images of various areas of the body can be obtained. Before the test is...ReadMore10 Pages 2607 Words 32198 Downloads
25% OFF + Free Turnitin ReportImprove Your Grade !Avail the Best Custom Assignment & Essay
Get all these features for