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Role of the Consultant: Ph.D. Thesis

Abstract of This Thesis

The construction industry usually deals with two types of construction parts: infrastructural part and real-estate part. The real-estate part can be divided into corporate, residential, industrial and commercial sectors. On the other hand infrastructure part deals with Roads, Railways, Ports, Airport etc. The consulting engineer plays a very significant role in providing services in such a big project from starting point of the project till its completion, the project management consultancy is very useful for construction project as it improves the efficiency of the project.

The purpose of this paper is to study the role of project management consultancy in construction. Project management consultants make sure that every activity must carryon smoothly at each stage of the project because it helps in proper execution of work for any construction project. Principle of project management is very important for successful completion of projects within time and minimum number of errors.

It’s not easy to get a permission to construct a building in the UAE, because some certain rules and special conditions should be followed, the project life should pass through two stages which are design stage and supervision stage. The design stage means completing the study of the project with full details and follow-up departments to get the approvals. At supervision phase, the consultant supervises the contractor and makes sure how the work is done; if it’s same to drawing and terms and conditions that were agreed upon during tender.

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The successful consultant engineer should follow his own laws to do his unique design andhis supervision way on projects. In this research, the role of consultant engineer is to make a successful project by analyzing both sections (design and supervision) to get stronger and superior results to satisfy the owners, the lessees, and achieve fame in creativity. In this paper, we also are going to identify the effectiveness, roles and responsibility of project management consultancy. This thesis analyzes 9 successful project factors, according to the consultant and describes how the consultant can affect from these factors.

Chapter 1- Introduction

The construction market has been developed faster as compare to any other markets in the economy. Due to the fierce competition within the market, the forces such contractors/consultants are trying to do their best in order to satisfy the investors. Furthermore, the main purpose of backer is to increase his income with the completion of the construction phase (Aliverdi, Naeni and Salehipour, 2013). Moreover, the ideal goal for the contractors is to offer a good quality services without asking the client to pay extra money for it. As a result, the quality should increase hand in hand with no increasing in cost and not the opposite. The pressure from the market and competition side is increasing. So it becomes important for contractors to care more about their good reputation. For this, they have to decrease all the associated risks that can result in delaying the project and eventually submitting the project to the client on time according to the program timeline for the project (Duy Nguyen, Ogunlana and Thi Xuan Lan, 2004). To achieve the above mentioned goals the contractors should improve their inner quality and build up management to decrease the possibility of such risks. They should also develop their own methods of quality assurance for all the elements of the projects to achieve the highest levels of quality and client satisfactions.

Projects and project management processes vary from one industry to another. There are different dimension of project management. According to knowledge areas in the Project Management Institute’s publication, A Guide to Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) [1], was utilized to establish the evaluation dimension:

  • Project Integration Management
  • Project Scope Management
  • Project Time Management
  • Project Cost Management
  • Project quality Management
  • Project human Resource Management
  • Project Communications Management
  • Project Risk Management
  • Procurement Management (Forsythe, 2012)

Quality management can be divided into three main categories: Perform plan quality, Perform quality Assurance and Perform quality control. Firstly, Plan quality is the process of discovering quality requirement and standards for the project, product and documenting how the project will show submission. Secondly, the quality assurance evaluates the results obtained from quality control to guarantee appropriate quality standards and operational definitions are used. It is also an execution process that uses data created during the third category perform quality control (Jaju, Mohanty and Lakhe, 2009). Thirdly, quality control is the process of monitoring and recording the quality activities in order to assess the performance and recommend necessary change if needed. In addition, the quality control for the whole construction process, only accord with the required quality standards and user promised requirements such as satisfying quality, time, cost etc. By keeping these things in mind, the three categories should be performed in parallel with all the other project-planning processes until the project not deliver to the client. If these three categories were implemented accurately the main benefits will include less rework, higher productivity, lower costs and increased stakeholder fulfilment (Gap, 2013).

Quality of construction is defined as “meeting or go above” the requirement of the Client. The cost of each quality activity should be equivalent to the expected benefits. The construction project manager should look for quality management by including those three main categories to the method and actions of the performance organization. It determines quality polices; objectives and duties of the firms. Accordingly, the project will satisfy the needs for which it was undertaken (Egemen and Mohamed, 2006).

Finally yet importantly, the consultant project manager may face several difficulties because of the fixed project location, large volume and different locations of different projects. The poor control of these factors may produce quality problems and increase the possibility of failure of project by losing more money and time (Ebrahimi and Sadeghi, 2013). Hence, the project manager of construction should look after the risk management because as the quality of construction increases the possibility of risk occurrence decreases. Project risk is always unknown as it is an uncertain event or situation that if it raises it will have a negative impact on at least one project objective such as scope, plan, cost and quality. Although there are many reasons for these causes like requirement, assumption, constraint or situation that creates the probability of negative or positive outcome. For example, causes could include the requirement of an environmental permeation to do the work, or having limited personally assigned to the design of the project. If anything from these unclear, it may be bring an impact on the project cost and schedule or performance (Alzahrani and Emsley, 2013).

Finally yet importantly, the consultant project manager may face several difficulties because of the fixed project location, large volume and different locations of different projects. The poor control of these factors may produce quality problems and increase the possibility of failure of project by losing more money and time (Ebrahimi and Sadeghi, 2013). Hence, the project manager of construction should look after the risk management because as the quality of construction increases the possibility of risk occurrence decreases. Project risk is always unknown as it is an uncertain event or situation that if it raises it will have a negative impact on at least one project objective such as scope, plan, cost and quality. Although there are many reasons for these causes like requirement, assumption, constraint or situation that creates the probability of negative or positive outcome. For example, causes could include the requirement of an environmental permeation to do the work, or having limited personally assigned to the design of the project. If anything from these unclear, it may be bring an impact on the project cost and schedule or performance (Alzahrani and Emsley, 2013).

It is the job of project manager to reduce the risk by change of process or to solve a problem in order to deliver the benefit to the organization with minimum cost and time. Some risks in the construction process can be easily expected or readily identified and some can be totally unidentified. Construction risks can be related to technical, management, logistical reasons or can be related to natural disasters. In the domain of project risk management, some of the critical effects of risks are failing to achieve an operational requirement and the required quality as a result the project will not be completed within stipulated time and estimated cost. Moreover, project risk management includes the process of conducting risk management planning, identification, analysis, response planning, monitoring and controlling on a project (Luo and Liberatore, 2009).

The contractor only works with the specification, which are written by consulting and agreed upon by the client. For example, specification should contain all details that the contractor should follow directly to guarantee the quality that the client ordered. Correspondingly, there are also plenty of factors touching the quality of construction such as design, material specification, table of quantity, machinery, construction technology supervision, method of operation, technical measures, management system, topography, transaction, geology, and hydrology and so on (Kikwasi, 2013). Construction contractor could get the best profitable outcome, if they follow to the principle of quality first and insist on quality standard with the core of artificial control and inhibition. As a result, this will provide a higher quality, safe, suitable and economic composite product. The quality management in the construction industry differs from that of the product industry. In the product industry, the quality of any product is more or less good than another, but it cannot say this in terms of grade of concrete or steel. Equally important, the objectives of project management are to increase the probability of impact of positive events by decreasing the probability of impact of negative events in the project (Malkat and Byung-GYOO, 201). However, in order to be successful, the organization should be committed to addressing risk management, proactively and consistently throughout the project. Therefore, a mind full choice must be made at all levels of the association to actively identify and follow effective risk management during the life of the project. Moving onward on project without an active focus on risk management increases the impact that a recognized risk can have on the project and can potentially lead to project failure (Mohammadipour and Sadjadi, 2016). It’s not easy to get a permission to construct a building in the UAE, because some certain rules and special conditions should be followed, the project life should pass through two stages which are design stage and supervision stage. The design stage means completing the study of the project with full details and follow-up departments to get the approvals. At supervision phase, the consultant supervises the contractor and makes sure how the work is done; if it’s same to drawing and terms and conditions that were agreed upon duri

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