The scenario of this report determines the initiative of EPODE programme is initiated in France is now replicated all over the world. This programme is developed for mitigate or reverse prevalence rates for obesity.
- Critical appraisal of leadership theory which is applicable to public health practice considering the case of EPODE programme.
- Conducting an examination of key issues ascertained while leading and managing supported with critical discussion of a change management theory.
- Critical assessment of processes and potential impact of partnership working using theory and case of EPODE programme.
- Examining role of partnership working in public health and strategies involving partnership and public involvement.
Leadership is considered as one of the most influential aspect of shaping the organisation culture. In order to improve the quality of health care services, it is important for the management to ensure that appropriate leadership style, skills and strategies are implemented within the organisation (Liang, Abramson and George, 2017). Regulatory systems, increasing competition and target settings are considered as an inadequate levers for initiating rudimentary transformations within the organisation. To overcome these challenges, a healthcare organisation needs to devise strategies and implement them within the institute. In this context, the report will help in analysing the issues relating to leading and managing change in public health sector by analysing case study of EPODE programme. The potential impact of partnership working will be assess in the assignment. Critical examination of the role of partnership working in public health will be made and eventually strategies for partnership and public involvement will be discuss in the study.
According to Braveman, (2016) in order to overcome one of the most complex and critical issue i.e. child obesity, helathcare communities operating in France together devise a programmed named Ensemble Prévenons l'ObésitéDes Enfants’ (EPODE, Together Let's Prevent Childhood Obesity). This initiative, which originated in France and is now being replicated around the world, is working to mitigate or reverse obesity prevalence rates. The programme takes a large-scale, coordinated, capacity-building approach for communities to implement effective and sustainable strategies to prevent childhood obesity (Buchanan, 2017). Holloway and Galvin, (2016) elaborated that in order to sustain in the competitive environment and to promote quality care to the public, it is important as well as essential for the healthcare communities to follow appropriate leadership style within the organisation. As EPODE needs a multistakeholder involvement, it is essential for the healthcare communities, government, non governmental organisations and private sector to work collaboratively so that the issue of child obesity could be eradicated from the country (Porter and Kramer, 2019). From the analysis of the case study of EPODE, it was identified that top down leadership approach and theory was applied by the management and health care institutes of France in order to work on child obesity issue. According to Moffat and Mercer, (2015) in present clinical setup, effective clinical leadership ensures high quality health care system that consistently provides safe and efficient care. According to top down leadership theory, leaders believe in organising power of clear chain of command. In order to set up clear direction top down leadership approach have always been remained important in practice. As EPODE methodology aims to promote the involvement of multistakeholder at central level, the leadership approach would be best and suitable. It was identified by the researchers that behaviour of leader is the best predictor of his or her leadership influences. Gopee and Galloway, (2017) argued that leadership skills must be effective enough so that employees and workers within the health care organisations works appropriately and precisely. Woods, (2017) said that leaders plays prominent role in boosting up the motivation and morale of employees. The motive of eradicating child obesity within the country set by the management of healthcare communities who have collaboratively formed EPODE was essential (Mechanic and Olfson, 2016). It requires immense support from political parties, ministries, non governmental organisations, private health care sectors and local public support (Shirley, 2016). Leadership skills are very essential in health care sector for the growth and development of organisations. In order to enhance the quality of health provided to public it is necessary for the management to implement precise leadership skills and styles which will be most suitable for the organisational framework. As per Billings and Halstead, (2015) there are various types of leadership skills which has been followed by leaders working in health care sectors in order to lead their team effectively and efficiently. From the analysis of case study it was identified that there are four pillars of EPODE methodology which are Political commitment (political parties, government), Resources (Public Private Partnership), Support Services (advocacy, partnership management, training and coaching project managers) and Evidence (scientific reviews, consultation with experts, etc.) (Barr and Dowding, 2015). Thus, it is important for the management to follow appropriate leadership style in order to prevent and overcome challenges which leads the initiative towards growth and development.
Managing change is complex and troublesome process in organisations especially in health care institutes. According to Snell, Morris and Bohlander, (2015) in order to sustain in the competitive environment and enhance the quality of services, management needs to make necessary transformations time to time. From the analysis of case study, it was identified that to eradicate the issue of child obesity in France, the government along with health care communities formulate EPODE initiative. In order to implement the initiative, the management needs to establish effective framework and communication with the stakeholders so that the initiative can be implemented precisely. As per Huber, (2017) change management in health care organisations are complex procedures as management needs to go through several obstructions. From employees resistance to managing customers, healthcare sector faced difficulties and issues in managing change within the organisation. In order to initiate change within the organisations, the management prefers to take helps from change management theories formulated and developed by researchers and philosophers.
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