You are required to answer the following questions:
- Determine the various types, sizes and scope of organisations.
- Explain how different functions within AC Cars Ltd interrelated with each other and their relation with organisational structure.
- Analyse the positive and negative impact of macro environmental factors on the operations of organisation.
- Evaluate the internal strengths and weaknesses of AC Cars Ltd and how they are affected from macro environmental factors.
Business environment includes internal and external factors which can affect the company. It can influence positively or negatively. It is essential that company evaluates business environment so that it can make changes in plans and policies. Through this it can easily survive in market. Hence it can earn more revenues and it can enhance market share. Thus it can increase their reputation in minds of public and in market. Assignment discusses about AC cars limited which is auto mobile manufacturer. It was found in 1901 in England. Project explains about various types, size and scope of various organizations. It further discusses about the interrelationship of different functions in company and their relation with organizational structure. It also explains about various examples to prove positive or negative of macron environment on operations of business and internal strengths and weaknesses of particular businesses and their relationship with macro factors (Adeoye and Elegunde ,2012).
P.1 Various types and purpose of organizations
There are various types of firms and they have different objectives. Some have profit earning and other only focuses on giving benefits to society. There are three types of organizations such as private, public and voluntary organizations. There are various firms which are described below:
Private sector organization:
These are the firms which are directly controlled and monitored by private persons. There is less interference of government in operations and activities of private company. They produce and deliver good quality of items to customers so that they can earn more revenues. Through this it can increase satisfaction level among all customers. They include distinct and unique activities in their items so that they can attract many users and can more profits ion minimum time. For example Marks and Spencer which is discount chain. It has operation's in various countries and has approximately 10000 stores in different regions.
Functions of firm:
To deliver high quality of goods: It main objective to provide superior quality of goods to various customers. Through this it can increase satisfaction of various customers.
To enhance activities of business: Another objective is to continuously modify all activities and operations of business so that it can produce different and unique products. Through this it can earn more revenues and can enhance market share.
Transparency: It discloses all crucial documents and reports to all stakeholders. Through this it can generate trust and faith among people and other members on company (Al-Debei and Avison ,2010).
Types of firms:
Partnership: It is a company which is started by 2 or more individuals. Profits and losses are shared between all partners in their business. Main aim is to earn more revenues. Further, all the terms and conditions related to profit sharing, capital contribution and working hours are fixed in partnership deeds.
Sole trader: It is started by a single person. Profits and losses are shared by single individual only. They take all decisions related to company. They are responsible for all activities and task performed in business.
Limited companies: They are of of 2 types that is limited by share and limited by guarantee which discuss below:-
Limited by guarantee: - Under this case member are liable up-to the guarantee they have given in respect of equity share.
Limited by share: - Under this equity share holders are liable to the extend of unpaid value of shares.
Public sector firms:
They are controlled by the government. All activities and tasks are supervised and monitored by Govt. bodies. For example NHS is health care firm.
Types of public organizations:
Central government: It is institution which helps in regulating and controlling all activities and tasks in nations. For example tax collection printing of currency etc.
State government: This Govt. helps in controlling all issues and activities related to a particular state. They create various strategies and policies related to education sector and thus all people can become aware about crucial things.
Local government: This give helps in monitoring various task and problems related to local areas or regions. It has less power as compared to state and central govt.
Functions of firm:
Corporate social responsibility: It's main aim is providing various benefits to people and society. Through this it can increase their image in many nations.
Stakeholder objectives: It's main aim is to fulfil all needs and wants of all stakeholders such a employees,manager,customer ,suppliers etc. Through this it can maintain unique image in front in minds of public and in market.
Their main objective is to provide different benefits to people living in society. Thus it performs all activities which helps in welfare of individuals and there is growth of society. For example Oxfam firm performs different activities so that it can decrease poverty from country. Company provides food facility to poor people and thus it can strange all their needs.
Functions of firm:
Reduce poverty: It provides food to all poor people and thus reduce poverty from their country.
Development of society: It provides food to people and thus it leads to growth and development of society.
Increasing living standard of people:- The aim of voluntary company is to provide goods and services at affordable price which increase purchasing power and living standard of people.
P.2 Scope and size of different types of organizations
There are three types of firms which include consists of private, public and voluntary firms. Size defines about the different areas through which firm is performing all activities. Scope describes about the various tasks related to company (Aula ,2010). As company is performing different tasks so due to this it has different scope and size that is described below: