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Study Skills Required for Higher Education

University: University College Birmingham

  • Unit No: 11
  • Level: Post Graduate/University
  • Pages: 12 / Words 2935
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code: EDUC3026
  • Downloads: 59
Question :

This assessment will cover the following questions:

  • Evaluate techniques for building comprehension and retention.
  • Set short-term and long-range goals and develop an appropriate plan of study.
  • Generate knowledge of learning strategies and techniques to improve memory retention and understanding of how people learn.
Answer :

INTRODUCTION

Study skills are the set of qualities and abilities which are required to be achieved by individuals so that they can reach their long as well as short-term goals. Some of them which are considered as most important skills for students are reading, keeping notes, concentration, etc. With the help of all of the capabilities of individuals learning the material taught by teachers could be improved (Anderson, Boud, and Sampson, 2014). This assignment is based on the study skills which are required for higher education. For the purpose of analyzing various topics covered in this project are different learning strategies and the development of a study plan. Additionally, the role of building comprehension and retention in improving the quality of learning and evaluation of obstacles pertaining to building comprehension are also covered in this project.

PART 1

1. Discussion of different strategies of learning that allow individuals to learn best

The process which allows individuals to grab the knowledge shared by educators or lecturers is known as learning. For the purpose of learning effectively different study skills such as critical thinking, concentration, effective reading, and note-taking are required. There are various learning strategies that are used by teachers for their students to help them to learn in best manner. Discussion of all of them is as follows:

Discussion learning strategy: It can be defied as the strategy which is used by educators for the purpose of allowing students to exchange their creative and innovative ideas with each other so that their skills of reaching to career goals could be enhanced. With the help of this strategy students can learn the best because it helps in the development of different qualities such as problem solving, thinking and understanding the problems which may affect their learning (Love and Barrett, 2016).

Simulation learning strategy: It is mainly used in constructive learning processes in which students are allowed to perform experiments so that they can find new ways to deal with the issues in the academics. It allows students to learn best because it provides them great learning experience because it supports the process of learning by inspiring the students to try new things to develop their skills.

Demonstration learning strategy: It can be defined as the strategy in which educators use visual approached for the purpose of examining processes, information and ideas. Under this strategy teachers play the role of learner in order to demonstrate the way to the students in which they are required to study in classes. It helps students to learn best because they see the educators as learner and then try to learn in the same way so that their skills and abilities to reach their career goals could be increased.

Games learning strategy: It is a teaching method which is used by educators for the purpose of developing interest of students in studies. All the subjects which are not having interesting units could be taught with the help of this technique as it will build interest of all the students to take part in game and learn the content from the uninteresting units. It can help to learn the best because it enhances interest of individuals to study such contents which are not interesting (Varasteh, Ghanizadeh and Akbari, 2016).

Drill and practice learning strategy: It is a learning strategy which is used by educators to repeat the concepts in systematic manner so that knowledge of students regarding them could be enhanced. It is an exercise with the purpose of making individuals perfect in some of the areas by repeating them again and again in classroom. It can help to learn best as it will help the students to be percent in the field in which they are studying.

For the purpose of providing best learning experience to the students all the above described strategies could be used by educators. With the help of them the individuals will be able to develop their study skills (Yang and Wang, 2015).

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2. Development of a study plan which includes short and long term goals that can help to achieve academic and professional success

Study plan: It is a plan which is focused with the development and attainment of study skills so that they can reach to their career and professional objectives in career (Reed and Card, 2016). A plan is formed below which is focused with achievement of academic and professional success:

Goals

Specific

Measurable

Attainable

Relevant

Time limit

Developing ability of notes taking

This quality is required to perform best in academics.

It could be measured by analysing that detailed information of the unit studied in class is kept by students or not.

In order to achieve it educators can guide students to take notes on regular basis.

By developing this quality academic goals could be accomplished.

The development of this skill may take time of 6 to 8 months

Improving the quality of critical thinking

For the purpose of achieve professional success I am required to improve my skills of critical thinking.

For measuring this skill challenges could be taken to find best suitable solutions for them.

In order to achieve this skill students can take help of experienced people who can guide to think critically.

It is related to professional success because without this skill it is not possible to reach there.

The improvement in this quality may take time of 12 to 15 months.

PART 2

1. Discussion of the role of building comprehension and retention in improving quality learning and increasing academic achievement of students

Academic achievement is very important for individuals who are at their higher education. The main factor which is required to be focused by educators is improving quality of learning so that students can achieve career growth. For the purpose of reaching to academic and professional success it is very important for all the students to have great study skills which could be developed with the help of comprehension and retention (Elekaei, Faramarzi and Koosha, 2015). All the individuals who are not able to grab the knowledge shared by teachers require higher attention of lecturers because they can guide them to study properly and achieve the goals which are decided by them earlier. By building comprehension and retention the teachers will be able to improve quality of learning and increase academic achievement of students as it plays a vital role in the same procedure. Comprehension is the ability of understanding the content which is being read and retention is the power of remembering the studied material. Description of its roles is as follows:

  • Help to development effective reading skills:Comprehension helps in the development of effective reading skills which is very important for achieving academic success. It will be beneficial in the improvement of learnings and development in the academic achievement of students. When they will be able to read effectively then it will help them to understand the content which is read by them. It also helps to revise the matter so that it could be learned for a long period in future. These benefits of comprehension helps individuals to improve the quality of learning and enhance the chances of academic success (Lo, Anderson and Bunch-Crump, 2017).
  • Helps to visualise things properly:Comprehension plays a vital role in the visualising the matter properly so that the understandability of students could be developed. It will be beneficial for students to make improvement in their quality of learning because all the things which are visualised by individuals could be kept in mind for a long period in future. It will also be beneficial for increment in academic achievement of students because by visualising the studied material they will be able to score high in examination which will be their academic success.
  • Recall the material just read:Building comprehension is very important for students because it can help them to recall the content which is just read by them. Some times due to lack of concentration students may not be able to remember the content which is being read by them. With the help of it the quality of learning of students could be improved because it guides students to recall the studied content (Martin, Nguyen and McDaniel, 2016).
  • Keep the studied material in mind: Retention is beneficial for the individuals to keep all the studied content in mind which will help to improve the quality of learning. When Students will be able to keep the matter in their mind for a long period then they will also be able to learn effectively. It can also improve the ability of students to increase academic achievement because it will guide them to keep the learned content in their mind so that higher marks could be scored in exams.

If educators pay attention towards building of comprehension and retention then it can help to improve the quality of learning and also increase the possibility of academic success for students. Comprehension and retention play vital role in the development of individuals at higher education because both of them can help to score higher marks in exams.

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2. Evaluation of obstacles pertaining to building comprehension and retention

Building comprehension and retention is very important for students for the purpose of developing their study skills (Comprehension and retention. 2019). Both of them guides individuals to understand the information recorded in books or available on online sources and keep them in the mind. There are various obstacles which are pertaining to building comprehension and retention. All of them could be understood with the help of following discussion:

Weak reading skills: It is one of the main obstacle which pertain tyhe building of comprehension and retention. If students are not able to read properly then it will create issues for them to understand and keep the studied content in mind. Due to this their skills to build these qualities will be affected and it will also create difficulties for them to achieve academic success.

Reading content which is not understandable: If the information which is provided to the students is not understandable for them or it is about something which was not studied by them earlier then it will affect their learning. For the purpose of dealing with this obstacles they will be required to build comprehension and retention (Spiro, Bruce and Brewer, 2017). When individuals will not be able to understand the content then it will very difficult for them to keep it in mind of learn it. Due to this there is a high requirement of development of these two skills.

Lack of proper guidance: It is also a issue which creates difficulties for students at academic level because when they are not having proper guidance then they will not be able to reach their academic goals. It pertains the building of retention and comprehension so that they can understand and recall the material studied by them and score high marks in the exams to achieve success.

Negative past experience: Some of the students have very bad experience in their studies because of bad teachers, boring schooling and sloppy online courses and in this condition they have to build their qualities of retention and comprehension. It will be beneficial for them to deal with all the problems such as weak learning which are faced by them while studying. It is one of the common obstacles which pertain building of the two main abilities.

Lack of focus: For all the learners it is very important to be focused with their studies so that they can meet their career goals. If they are not highly able to pay attention towards it then it may create problems for them to score high in examination. It is also an obstacle in studying which pertain comprehension and retention so that abilities of students to focus on their studied could be enhanced.

Personal mindsets: Some of the students have low self esteem which results in adverse mind set of them regarding different things. For example, if individuals think that they will not be able to solve mathematical problems or they are weak in it then it will be very difficult for them perform such tasks whether it is easy or tough. It happen due to personal mind set and this obstacle pertain retention and comprehension so that student's negative mentality could be changes to positive one and they get motivated (Swanson, Vaughn and Wexler, 2017).

All the above described factors are the obstacles which are pertaining retention and comprehension in studies. By paying attention towards all of them educators will be able to develop study skills of all the students and they can also motivate them to perform diffident tasks effectively.

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3. Conclusions of these points

By analyzing the above points it has been assessed that for all the students it is very important to develop their study skills so that they can face all the difficulties which are affecting their studies. For this purpose, educators are suggested to build comprehension and retention for all their students which will be beneficial for them to achieve academic success. Both of them are playing important roles in the improvement of the quality of learning and increasing chances of attaining academic goals. With the help of the different benefits could be acquired by students. These are beneficial in developing reading skills, visualization of things, keeping the studied content in mind, and recalling it when it is required. Comprehension and retention are pertained by various obstacles which are encouraging students to develop study skills. These are lack of focus, personal mindset, weak reading skills, lack of proper guidance, content that is not understandable, etc. All these obstacles guide educators to build comprehension and retention in their students. It will be beneficial for individuals to improve their quality of learning and reach to career goals and objectives.

CONCLUSION

From the above project report, it has been concluded that study skills are the qualities that guide students to perform all the tasks properly which are related to their studies. There are various learning strategies that could be used by teachers while teaching individuals for facilitating them to learn the best. These are discussion, demonstration, drill and practice, simulation, games learning strategies, etc. A study plan could also be developed by the lecturer to guide students to achieve professional as well as academic success. For all individuals, it is very important to build comprehension and retention because both of them will be very beneficial for them to improve their quality of learning. Additionally, they will also be able to increase their chances of reaching academic success by acquiring these qualities. There are various obstacles which are pertaining to building of them. These are lack of focus, personal mind set, negative past experience etc.

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REFERENCES

  • Anderson, G., Boud, D. and Sampson, J., 2014. Learning contracts: A practical guide. Routledge.
  • Elekaei, A., Faramarzi, S. and Koosha, M., 2015. The Impact of Gloss Types on Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Gain and Vocabulary Retention: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature. 4(5). pp.97-103.
  • Lo, Y. Y., Anderson, A. L. and Bunch-Crump, K., 2017. Building vocabulary of English learners with reading disabilities through computer-assisted morphology instruction. Intervention in School and Clinic. 52(3). pp.133-140.
  • Love, K. G. and Barrett, M. S., 2016. A case study of teaching and learning strategies in an orchestral composition masterclass. Psychology of Music. 44(4). pp.830-846.
  • Martin, N. D., Nguyen, K. and McDaniel, M. A., 2016. Structure building differences influence learning from educational text: Effects on encoding, retention, and metacognitive control. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 46. pp.52-60.
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