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Organisational Culture & Political Behaviour- BBC

University: University of Warwick

  • Unit No: 12
  • Level: Post Graduate/University
  • Pages: 15 / Words 3803
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code: MGT5OBR
  • Downloads: 34
Organization Selected : BBC

INTRODUCTION

Organisation behaviour consist important part in order to accomplish business objectives. In this regard, enterprise study complex nature of human beings through identify causes and effects of behaviour (Gomez-Marin, Stephens and Brown, 2016). In this context, present study based on BBC which consider undergoing significant changes that are leading as per independent review in 2016. From several years, they are concentrate to increase liberalism and other changes that are take place in the society successfully.

For gaining insight information of the present report, it covers effect of organisational culture, power and political behaviour of managers. Furthermore, it contains theory and model which create link between individual and team effectiveness. Moreover, it includes barriers to make effective team in the BBC.

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PART 1

TASK 1

Impact of organisation culture, power and political behaviour of managers on BBC

BBC consider setup of organisation in which individuals come together and work for common purpose. It is important to make close coordination, deliver their level best and accomplish desired purpose (Pradhan and Jena, 2015). Organisational culture create impact in following manner:

Handy's culture

  • Power culture: In BBC organisation, power remains among few people those are authorised to take appropriate decisions. Special privileges at they are enjoyed at workplace. They are considered as most important people at workplace. Responsibilities are also delegated in this culture to their subordinates. Superior people also require following rules strictly that assists to share ideas and opinion easily (Venieris, Naoum and Vlismas, 2015).
  • Task culture: Task culture denotes accomplishment of targets and solve critical issues with following culture in appropriate system. In BBC, all individual work for common interest and specialisation for whole team.
  • Person culture: In this kind of culture, employees of the organisation feel more important than their organisation (Pereira, 2017). Therefore, BBC must follow this culture to know as a person culture. Individual are more concerned for their own self instead of the business.
  • Role culture: Role culture determines delegated roles and responsibilities as per their specialisation, qualifications, etc. (Dininni, 2017). Each employee accountable for taking ownership of the work that assigned to him. Power can comes with responsibilities in such a work culture of BBC.

French and Raven's power types

  • Coercive power: This kind of power is based on idea of coercion. Therefore, it can be stated that in BBC someone forced to do against their will. Main objective of coercion is compliance. Hence, power illustrates happening when compliance not obtained (A. Agarwal, 2014).
  • Reward power: This type of power includes ability of individual to delegate matters which need to accomplish as value or reward to their subordinates to provide good results. It is based on idea that possess for society as inclined to do well things in BBC.
  • Legitimate power: In this form of power ability can be link with certain feeling of obligation or notion. Rewarding and punishing employees can be seen as formal or appointed leadership role (Afsar and Badir, 2015). In BBC this kind of power assists to run with pack and traditionally form that can be easily overcome for position or title.
  • Referent power: In this kind of power is based on management ability to administer to someone who has sense of personal acceptance or approval. This power emanates from a person who have skills to identify strongly.
  • Expert power: In this form of power, in-depth information, knowledge and expertise activities assess. Power is also fulfilled with different roles and responsibilities. Hence, ability enable in BBC to combine power of reward in right mode (French and Raven's Forms of Power, 2018).

Political behaviour of managers in BBC

Political behaviour consist important role in the business. It is governing that how decisions that are made for individual those interact with each other. Politics directly influence with power and it determines overall culture of workplace to encourages productivity. Positive politics create impact on BBC which encourage productivity. Hence, staff members will gain power to make decisions and rewarding employees to motivate and do work harder. However, it impacts negative when leaders in the organisation respect of staff members who have negative power (Vatikiotis, 2015). Hence, it assists to motivate employees to perform by threatening with job loss and other punishment.

M1

Culture, politics and power three elements consider major impact on the effective individual and team performances. With this regard, in BBC person culture followed which create positive impact to gain more desired goals and objectives. With the help of team behaviour performances, work will be completed together to attain more creative outcomes through motivate all team members.

TASK 2

a) Content and process theories of motivation to accomplish team and individual capacity

Theory of motivation consist model through individual and team of BBC can accomplish their desired goals in successful manner. It assists to develop certain characteristics that assists to attain goals to do work hard (Bonnes, 2017).

Content theory

Content theory assists to consider internal factors that energise and direct human behaviour. Therefore, in BBC this kind of theory assists to provide elements that successfully motivates all staff members easily.

Maslow's theory of motivation: In this kind of theory, hierarchy of needs ranges from lower to higher. Lower needs consider fulfilled tendency for other and higher needs to emerge. Hence, it contains physiological, safety, social, esteem and self-actualisation needs of different people (Barry and Wilkinson, 2016). In BBC following are needs consider to satisfy their employees needs and requirement

Type of Needs Elements
Physiological needs Food, shelter, water, clothing
Safety needs Safe working environment, relative job security, place to live, etc.
Social needs Integration into social groups, affectionate relationship
Esteem needs Respect for person as useful, honourable human being
Self-actualisation Individual desire to grow and develop full potential

Process theory

Process theory consider caused of particular behaviour which is sustained and stopped with motivational factors. There are around four predominant process theories successfully develop which includes reinforcement, expectancy, equity, etc. it implies as per individual choice that based on preference, reward factor and sense of accomplishment (Norton, Zacher and Ashkanasy, 2014). With the help of this theory, it can be understand that in BBC goals are important to direct behaviour and equity must be considered as an important element in respect to designing motivational program.

Vroom or Expectancy theory of motivation: This theory indicate level of motivation which is depends on attractiveness of the rewards and probability on these rewards also obtained. There are generally three key variables considered such as valence, instrumentality and expectancy (Redman and Snape, 2016). In the BBC, these elements can be categories in following manner:

Element Impact on motivation
Valence It is feeling about specific outcomes which is termed valence. People prefer certain outcomes in BBC from their behaviour to others. Therefore, team effectiveness successfully develop as per behaviour and people perform their functions and operations to increase performance in systematic manner. As a result, appropriate working of individual can be successfully work (Manzoni and Islam, 2015).
Instrumentality It is the association between first level and second level outcomes. In BBC, there are two level considered implement successful theory of motivation. Hence, it determines successful work between different layers of the enterprise. It would be beneficial to focus on individual development.
Expectancy Expectancy is relationship between chosen course of action and predicted outcome. In a particular work, BBC need to predict outcomes that is useful to lead as per expectancy. Consequently, they can motivate in positive consideration to promote more desired level results (Venieris, Naoum and Vlismas, 2015).

b) How will improve levels of motivation in BBC that assists to gain organisational goals?

In order to improve levels of motivation in BBC, it can be stated that following motivational level can be consider to focus on the accomplishment of desired goals. They are as follows:

Herzberg two factor theory: It is also known as motivation hygiene theory which includes two kinds of factors such as motivating and hygiene. As per this theory, there are certain factors in motivating consideration that cause job satisfaction and motivation is also separated from this. As per hygiene factors, BBC need to provide their employees working conditions, work environment, safety and security at a particular place. It can be make individual unhappy and dissatisfied from their job (Pradhan and Jena, 2015). For instance, they can include company policy, administration, supervision, salary, interpersonal relationship, working conditions, etc. All these perspectives consider as deficiency needs of employees that assists to satisfy their needs and demand in successful manner. Hence, it motivates them towards the goals and objectives in successful manner. Furthermore, another factor in herzberg theory determines motivator which includes achievement, recognition, work self, responsibility and advancement. In this context, it can be stated that reliability also successfully measure to satisfy needs of employees. However, there are certain limitations of the present theory such as this oversees situation variables, comprehensive measure of satisfaction was used (Gomez-Marin, Stephens and Brown, 2016).

Adams' Equity theory: This theory stated that people motivated when they are treated equally. With the help of efforts and costs, BBC can successfully motivate their employees. As per this theory, people will compare their contribution to do work in proper manner. Actions and belief also assists to gain positive results with contribution of reference person. When people receive ratio of inputs and outputs, motivational level increases successfully. In this kind of theory, employees put input in their job, experience efforts, etc. that are expected to gain salary, reward, promotion, verbal recognition, etc. (Afsar and Badir, 2015). As per this theory, all members of the organisation work to do their work with effective contribution. It contains all people towards particular goal and objectives. Hence, it ensures equity is essential to motivation which is useful to deal with particular situation. If you are studying in UK University and looking for assignment services then you can easily buy assignment online UK from us at cheap price and enjoy 24hr assistance from our experts.

M2

In BBC, there are two kinds of theories implemented to motivate staff members such as content theory and process theory. Content theory consider Herzberg two factor of theory which highly influence to motivate with two factors such as motivator and hygiene elements. As critical evaluation, Adam smith theory also implemented to treat all employees equally. Therefore, aim and objectives of the organisation will be accomplish with implement more efforts and cost in motivation.

D1

In BBC, culture, politics and power perceive positive relationship which impact positively on motivation and gain success in business. This is because, BBC encourage their staff members with creative ideas so that they are highly motivated to do several tasks in the enterprise in successful manner. As critical evaluation, due to different culture of employees, the organisation get effect negative which need to be solve for particular situation.

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PART 2

TASK 3

a) Identify and Explain different types of teams within BBC

In BBC, there are different kinds of teams working to accomplish their desired goals. It assists to develop more significant advantages in successful way. With the help of their contribution, it can be stated that following are different teams working in the organisation:

  • Functional teams: Functional team in a BBC work for common functional expertise with they are working to shared objectives. As a result, functional teams traditionally corporate in whole department and contain important part. In the organisation, functional roles describes with set of skills and activities that are typically performed in the department of organisation. For instance, manager, director, etc. (Pradhan and Jena, 2015).
  • Problem solving teams: Problem solving team in BBC work for temporary. This is because, after solution of problem they are move to another task and goals. In this consideration, cross functional group of people come from different departments and possess skills, roles and interests. Permanent solution for the specific issue has been successfully developed on the basis of team priority (Dininni, 2017). As a result, problem can be realise and analysis in different perspectives.
  • Virtual teams: Advance technology allow to staff members to participate in the business to do several activities. In particular geographic location, virtual team can communicate online with various conferencing and collaboration technologies. With the help of social networking tools, virtual team members of BBC can access group projects in different areas. Furthermore, they require effective communication skills to do their work with communicating several benefits in successful manner. With respect to seeing facial expression and body language, they need to understand each other (Afsar and Badir, 2015).
  • Quality team: Quality team also consider circles and excellence in a particular team with using methodical approach. In this way, they are identifying and resolving workflow issues which impact positive on organisation efficiency and working conditions. Short-term goals also completed that are unique and overlooked by management to do work in proper manner. As a result, it assists to contain unique perspective in the business in effective manner (Manzoni and Islam, 2015).

b) What makes effective team in BBC with Belbin team roles

Belbin has developed nine team roles which are helpful in making an effective team. Following are the roles according to Belbin-

Team worker- This team is responsible for making team united. Problems and conflicts are resolved by them which clears negative environment of BBC. This will motivate the members of a team of BBC to work more efficiently.

Resource Investigator- They are helpful in making external contacts for arranging team's resources. Information are brought by them through other people which are helpful in completing the tasks with greater efficiency and this will develop an effective team of BBC.

Coordinator- They can be said as confident and mature with good listening skills. Coordinators of BBC guides the working of a team and with proper guidance work is performed with greater productivity by which an effective team is developed.

Shaper- A positive attitude is maintained in organisation by shaper of BBC. They are dynamic in nature and face challenges coming towards them. This positive attitude will influence other team members to face the challenges and overcome them which will develop an effective team.

Implementer- They are responsible for getting the things done for a team. They convert the ideas of a team into a plan. Changes occurring in BBC are accepted by people working in it with help of Implementer of BBC.

Finisher- They are called as perfectionists as they identify omission and errors which comes on the way of positive results of a team. As errors and issues are detected by finisher, chances of good work are increased and will contribute to an effective team of BBC.

Plants- They are called innovative members of team. They use original formulation and ideas to solve problems and overcome the upcoming challenges. Original ideas and formulas will bring efficiency in work of employees of BBC, results in developing an effective team for BBC.

Specialist- Specialist of a team are experts possessing their specialised knowledge. With specialist member in team, specialisation is brought in work of worker of BBC and automatically effective team is developed.

Monitor- Critical analysis is done by monitor of a team. With critical analysis every aspect is been checked and this will improve the efficiency of work and will develop the effectiveness of team of BBC.

M3-

All theories and roles will help to increase performance level of employees of BBC along with improving their efficiency and productivity. This will further help in development of effective teams and development of cooperation. All these roles will resolve the problems of individuals and teams and will motivate every worker of BBC to contribute more towards the organisation.

TASK 4

a) How team performances and productivity can be improved within BBC?

Improving performance and productivity is necessary for increasing company's growth and success and maintain its competitive advantage in market. Following are the ways to improve performance and productivity of BBC-

Effective communications- Improvement in communications channels will reduce the chances of confusion, conflicts and problems in the organisation. Through effective communications solutions can be found more quickly which will results in completion of tasks of a effective team on time. This will increase the level of performance and productivity of BBC and increase the success of company. This will reduce barriers because of which performance of employees' of BBC is getting hampered.

Proper training and development- Effective training and development will improve the worker's efficiency to perform well in BBC. This will reduce the level of wastage of company's resources through which firm's overall productivity and performance is improved in market. Proper training and development programmes will clear rules and strategies used while working in the organisation and workers gets to understand better regarding their work to perform and results in bringing specialisation in their work. This will improve the performance and productivity of a team and of BBC.

Proper guidance and motivation- Guidance will provide better knowledge and understanding of task to be performed by employees of an effective team. Motivated employees will contribute more towards firm which will help in developing productivity of BBC. Rewards and better communication will motivate the employees of BBC to work with greater efficiency and improve their level of performance.

Clarity in defining roles and tasks- Roles and tasks to be performed by employees of BBC should be made clear to them this will bring completion of work without any confusion and delays. This specialisation of workers will improve performance and productivity of team of BBC. Team with clear roles and tasks will develop an effective team with improved level of productivity and performance.

M4-

These theories and philosophies of organisational behaviour will motivate the employees to work more efficiently and effectively in BBC. Positivity can be brought in thinking of employees and this will further create a positive and healthy environment to work in BBC for every employee. Improper implications of these ways can demotivate the employees and decrease the success and growth of BBC.

b) What are main barriers to effective team performance within the BBC?

Improving performance and productivity is necessary for increasing company's growth and success and maintain its competitive advantage in market. Following are the ways to improve performance and productivity of BBC-

Effective communications- Improvement in communications channels will reduce the chances of confusion, conflicts and problems in the organisation. Through effective communications solutions can be found more quickly which will results in completion of tasks of a effective team on time. This will increase the level of performance and productivity of BBC and increase the success of company. This will reduce barriers because of which performance of employees' of BBC is getting hampered.

Proper training and development- Effective training and development will improve the worker's efficiency to perform well in BBC. This will reduce the level of wastage of company's resources through which firm's overall productivity and performance is improved in market. Proper training and development programmes will clear rules and strategies used while working in the organisation and workers gets to understand better regarding their work to perform and results in bringing specialisation in their work. This will improve the performance and productivity of a team and of BBC.

Proper guidance and motivation- Guidance will provide better knowledge and understanding of task to be performed by employees of an effective team. Motivated employees will contribute more towards firm which will help in developing productivity of BBC. Rewards and better communication will motivate the employees of BBC to work with greater efficiency and improve their level of performance.

Clarity in defining roles and tasks- Roles and tasks to be performed by employees of BBC should be made clear to them this will bring completion of work without any confusion and delays. This specialisation of workers will improve performance and productivity of team of BBC. Team with clear roles and tasks will develop an effective team with improved level of productivity and performance.

D2-

Team development theories are helpful for every organisation as it develops and enhances performance of every employee which are helpful in increasing the efficiency of overall team. This enhances company's success and growth. These theories put some pressure on employees of BBC to work quickly and achieve goals. This affects the employee performance and demotivate and develop a sense of dissatisfaction among them.

Related Sample- Organisational Behaviour of BBC

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CONCLUSION

From the above report, it can be concluded that BBC consider effective team which help to focus on accomplishment of desired results. In this context, impact of culture, power and politics has been explained. For instance, Handy's culture, French and Raven's power type, etc. Furthermore, report also summarised about content and process theory which assists to accomplish individual and team goals with development of group performances. Moreover, it articulated about Belbin team roles which assists to make effective team to gain more desired level efficiency. At last, report discussed about barriers that are occurred to make effective team in successful manner.

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