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Unit 8 Business and the Business Environment M/508/0494 HND Business Level 4

Introduction

The business activities can take many forms and characteristics that are dependent on the external environment of the business operations the market demands and efficacy and budget. This is the main cause of there being various successful models of business operations that are prevalent in the various parts of the world with different levels of success. Thus, the size and scope of the operations of a business are based on the various business functions and external environment all of which affect the operations of the business and inturn its success to different degrees. The understanding of the various aspects of the businesses leads to the understanding of the business operations in any market environment and the specific characteristics of the businesses, along with its causation factor. Thus, this is the basic objective of the assignment, which strives to develop a complete understanding of the various business structures and models, their scope and potential, the various components of the business operations and the impact of thevarious factors on said operations. This is the main basis of the understanding for this assignment as this enables the understanding of the various aspects of the business and the factors affecting a business in a market environment.

Different types, size and scope of organisations

For-profit, non-profit and non-governmental organizations

The for-profit organizations are the traditional business organizations that provide goods and services to select customers and make a profit from the customer, which is then shared among the people making up the organization (i.e. shareholders). These organizations' objectives are solely centred on the profit and the potential customers of their products or services that mark them as for-profit organizations.

The non-profit organizations are on the other hand are the type of entity set up by a group of individuals under the condition that the organization serves the society in general instead of the selected customer segment (Saunders& Lewis, 2012).Moreover,the profit or loss made by the company is not shared among the specific members of the organization like the for-profit model. The NGO is the similar type of organization that is based onthe same operatingprinciplesbut are not subject to any businessregulations set by the government and theyoperate autonomously as a trust and not a corporation. Therefore, thescope of the NGO is much broader as they concern with all aspect of the society like human rights, social rights and economic issue affecting the society as a whole while the NPO operates within a set boundary in a previously outlined purpose (Sekaran& Bougie, 2016).

Small micro and medium-sized organizations

The size of the organization is another aspect of the operations that can be used to divide the organizations into various categories, which are effective as an internationalstandard for the operations ofthe organizations. While the defining limits forte SME or SMDs are different under different national andinternational organizations this is usually measured by the number of employees in the organization and the overall profit and turnover in any economic year. However, these limits are not especially important as the SMEs outnumber the largecorporations by a huge margin and thus affect the market to a huge degree through competition and innovation in their respective sectors.

Legal structures

The legal structure of the business can also be used to classify the different businesses as the sole trader, partnerships and the private limited enterprises as they each have different registrations structures under the different legal authorities. The sole trader can be defined as a company that is run by and owned by only one person. The partnerships are similar in structure but the responsibility for running the business is handled by two or more persons. In both cases, the business owners have unlimited liability (Zikmund et al., 2013).

A limited liability company, on the other hand, is recognised as a separate entity fromthe owners or shareholders and thus the shareholders are not personally liable for any actions of the business entity as a whole. Both the private limited and public limited companies fall under structure despite their varying sizes (Johnson, 2016).

The franchise business is the way a person and buys into an existing business and they operate as a part of the organizations in the business format which has been proven in the market and this less risky but also less unique in their operations. Therefore, this has little to do with the size of the business but the format and the business model applied.

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