Students have to write loads of documents that are evaluated for assigning grades. This requires them to get familiar with things that add charm to their document- expressions that can make your work interesting and improve the flow. This can be done by using various language features or techniques. Here, we are giving you a basic understanding of these tools. What are examples of language techniques; is a common question among students. Below you will find the answer to it along with their effects on readers.
Let us start with the basic definition of the language technique to help you understand better about its importance in the writing process.
A language technique is an expression that can be non-literal and unusual in use, or a sound, to attain a rhetorical effect in writing. It can be employed using repetition of phonetics or odd-sounding phrases which are not literal in meaning. The focus is not on their arrangement in a sentence but to attach a powerful vibe or attraction to it.
This is how language techniques are widely defined in the literature, but one must ask why they are so popular among writers? When any written work aims to communicate your thoughts to a reader, is it not better to use simple sentences?
When a writer writes, it aims to express himself thoroughly, and simple words sometimes fell short in doing that. They have to use some devices and figures of speech to lend weight to a particular statement. The aim is to emphasize sections on which the writer wants the reader’s focus. They are used to attract attention, which cannot be done via plain text. The reader must get a feeling that it is directly conversing with the author and understanding their feelings.
Sometimes overuse of such tools can make text look messy and is needed to be avoided at any cost. They should be evenly spread across the text so that that the reader doesn’t feel overwhelmed with them. When a writer is looking to convey a story, these tools can work like visual effects. They can paint a picture of the surroundings, the weather, lighting, and ambiance in the story. It is important because the reader must have context. For example, in Shakespeare’s Macbeth, before every appearance of the three witches, the author uses these tools to layout the dark, gloomy, and depressing surroundings of the scene. The success of most literary works largely depends on how well the writer has used these expressions and methods. They succeed in evoking the reader’s sense and making them feel that all events are happening around them.
As we have understood the reasons for writers using these tools in their work, we can move on to look at various Language Techniques, their effects on the reader, and some examples. Understanding them will surely motivate you to write an essay immediately.
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There are many such figures of speech, expressions, phrases, and devices. Here, we are going to highlight the most popular ones.
A literary work that conveys a story that has a resemblance to an event that has occurred in the past or is related to the real-world political or moral situation is called as allegory. The aim of this literary device in assignment writing is to present the story in such a manner that readers can themselves understand the link.
For Example: ‘Hitler also came to power democratically and had massive support in the masses, just like many leaders in the present. That’s why their actions can’t be justified by big election wins.’
Ever heard a tongue twister? It is an exaggerated version of this tool. The main trick is keeping the consonants the same at the start of successive words to create rhythm in a sentence. Though overstretching can irritate a reader.
For Example: ‘Come and clean the chaos in your closet.’ / ‘Sheep should sleep in a shed.’
These are words that create a likeness with the sound or action they are used for. This happens because they are directly derived by listening to the sound and giving it a name.
For Example: ‘The rustling leaves kept me awake.’ / ‘The sack fell into the river with a splash.’
The purpose of these is to address a situation that one doesn’t agree with, in a satirical tone. The comment can be made in a humorous or insulting manner. The effect is to convey the displeasure.
For Example: ‘Yesterday, our neighbourhood police station got burglarized.’ / ‘Our family dentist got his root canal done today.’
Phrases used in an informal conversation that have made their way into literary work are termed as Colloquialism. They may seem casual while maintaining the civility of the conversation. The must not sound insulting while imparting a friendly tone to the narrative.
For Example: ‘Fell through the crack.’ / ‘Beating around the bush.
Using phrases to over exaggerate a situation when, in reality, it is not that intense. These are used to influence emotions and generate sensation in the reader's mind. The term is borrowed from ‘Hyperbola’ in maths, which has a property of going through the roof.
For Example: ‘He is taller than a tree.’ / ‘The sound was so loud that the whole town woke up.’
They are used to present a person or situation to an extreme level, where no one or nothing can be of the same stature. The terms are adjectives of the highest order and generally accompanied by general descriptions of people around.
For Example: ‘It was the spiciest meal of my life.’ / ‘George has the fastest horse in the town.’
When a word is repeated two or more times to create an effect of its importance in the text is considered as repetition They are generally placed near each other to get the focus of the reader and make them understand the thinking behind it.
For Example: ‘The sad truth is that the truth is sad.’ / ‘Stupid is as stupid does.’
These are used to create a poetic vibe in the sentence. It is done by using words that have the same vowels at the beginning. They are used in succession to maximize their effect.
For Example: ‘The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain.’ / ‘I recall Central Park in fall.’
They are used to compare a situation or person with an object to impart qualities on them, which they cannot have in reality. This is done just to create a simple understanding of the mind of the reader without giving details.
For Example: ‘He’s buried in a sea of paperwork.’ / ‘The criminal has blood on his hands.’
They use words such as ‘like’ or ‘as’ to compare a situation with a known phenomenon to help the user understand instantly. The comparison is made in simple terms to paint an instant picture in the minds of the reader.
For Example: ‘Life is like writing with a pen.’ / ‘Falling out of love is like losing weight.’
When you want to express your displeasure without using harsh language, this tool comes in handy. It is a subtle way of showing others that you are unhappy with them but don’t want to abuse them.
For Example: ‘He’s not the sharpest pencil in the box.’ / ‘We’re going to have to let you go.’
It is the usage of words with similar end sounds in sentences to give a poetic touch to the work. The last syllables of these words should sound the same to create this rhythm.
For Example: ‘I do not like them in a boat, I do not like them with a goat.’ / ‘Humpty, Dumpty sat on a wall.’
When words are used which have two meanings, and one of them is funny. The situation may nay not be related to the funny part, but the pun is intended to highlight that meaning.
For Example: ‘Denial is a river in Egypt.’ / ‘The population of Ireland is always Dublin.
When a sentence is framed in such a way that it uses human activities to describe non-living and other living creatures, it is known as personification. The ideas can also be expressed in this manner to make the reader understand more easily.
For Example: ‘I can’t get my calendar to work for me.’ / ‘Fear gripped the patient waiting for a diagnosis.’
It is used to create an image in the mind of the reader by drawing a relation with real-world situations. The reader can visualize what is being said in the text to understand the situation.
For Example: ‘It was dark and dim in the forest.’ / ‘The sound of a drum in the distance attracted him.’
17. Rule of Three
When three interconnected words are used addressing a situation to give strength to your argument and convey seriousness, they are considered to follow the rule of three
Examples: ‘Blood, sweat, and tears.’/ ‘Stop, look, and listen.’
When you want to formulate a call to action feeling in writing, imperatives will prove beneficial. It has commands for the reader, which prompts them to perform a certain action. It reflects a sense of haste and urgency.
Examples: ‘Pack enough clothing for the cruise.’ / ‘Make sure you are paying attention to the directions.’
19. 1st Person Singular
As the name suggests, 1st person singular occurs when the writer uses the word ‘I’. This is used to address the writer in a personal style and bring the focus of the conversation on himself so that reader knows that it is talking about itself.
Examples: ‘I am talking to about the year 1996.’/ ‘I love the colors in the garden.’
20. 1st Person Plural Pronoun
To create a connection between the reader, the writer may use collective pronouns like ‘we’ or ‘us’. They are generally used to create a feeling of inclusion with the reader.
Examples: ‘We are together in this wonderful journey.’/ ‘These points have helped us understand the situation better.’
21. 2nd Person Pronoun
When the word ‘you’ is used to directly address the reader to make them understand that this is regarding them. This creates a feeling that the writer is making a conversation with the reader.
Examples: ‘You must understand the gravity of the situation.’/ ‘You may be feeling sorry for the dog.’
It uses informal words that are not common in writing but are used frequently in a speech at a group or regional level. They may sound casual while giving a friendly tone to the text.
Examples: ‘A piece of cake.’ / ‘Break a leg.’
When an expression is used, that is relatable to a specified group of people related to a particular profession or expertise, is considered as jargon. These are used when you are conveying your thoughts to people who you know can understand them.
Examples: ‘She was on cloud nine after the results were declared.’ / ‘Bang for the buck.’
With so much assignment writing work at hand, students can get overwhelmed with it. They may forget about techniques used to enhance language and add grace to your writing skills. These have slowly been forgotten as we are in the age of technology and social media. The space for long-form text is shrinking, and minute rhetoric is taking over.
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